Logistyka Archive

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Oil and Product Logistics in 2022 – Radical Changes in Routes, Ports and Freight

By Marek Grzybowski

The year 2022 brought radical changes to the transport routes of crude oil and products. After Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, importers experienced a record increase in freight rates for operators of oil tankers and its products. The local war changed the macroeconomic picture of the world economy.

 

Last year marked a new era in the global logistics of crude oil and petroleum products. December 5 last year With the extension of the European Union’s sanctions package and the entry into force of the EU ban on trade in Russian oil, a new era of oil at sea and on land has begun.

– The year ends with critical macroeconomic challenges regarding the future of VLCC and crude oil freight rates. There is uncertainty about the evolution of the oil supply given the current increase in oil demand and the impact on trade flows, as Europe continued to rely on Russian oil imports until the end of the third quarter, says Sue Terpilowski of SeaNews, using data compiled by Signal Ocean.

In 11 months of 2022 [excluding December], the global supply of crude oil in sea transport increased by 8.6% y/y to 1,866.8 million tonnes, excluding cabotage transport, Refinitiv experts calculated. This means higher demand than in the period January-November 2021 (1,718.3 million tonnes), but it was slightly lower than in the same period of 2019, when it amounted to 1,926.9 million tonnes.

As the geography of crude oil and petroleum product imports changes, fuel terminals in Polish ports play a greater role. We still imported 51% of crude oil from Russia to Poland (January-October 2022). Crude oil from outside this market also reached Poland by sea. The main suppliers were: Saudi Arabia (28%), Norway (8%), Great Great Britain (5%), USA (4%), Kazakhstan (3%), Guyana (1%), Nigeria (1%) – Forum Energii experts calculated.

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Sea coal logistics in 2022. A radical change in supply routes

 

By Marek Grzybowski

Russia’s attack on Ukraine and the sanctions introduced by EU countries resulted in radical changes in coal transport chains in 2022 on a global scale. Polish ports also joined the new system of sea connections under the influence of decisive changes in the sources of coal acquisition on the international market. The bulk terminals of Gdańsk, Gdynia, Szczecin and Świnoujście quickly adapted their technical and organizational potential. Polish ports joined the transshipment of coal in import relations.

Periodic shortages of gas and oil on the international market resulted in increased demand for coal. Global coal consumption increased by 1.2% and reached a record level of demand in 2022, according to a report by the International Energy Agency (EIA).

A new record for coal consumption reached 8,025 million tonnes in 2022. This was slightly above the level of 2013, when 7,997 million tonnes were used for energy, industrial and consumption purposes. The lower demand growth in 2022 is largely a reaction to the economic slowdown in leading industrial regions, including China.

The World Economic Forum highlights that only “about a third of the world’s electricity generation capacity now comes from low-carbon sources, with 26% coming from renewables and about 10% from nuclear power. The other two-thirds come from fossil fuels that emit greenhouse gases, such as coal, gas and oil.”

Coal ships will sail for many more miles and ports will handle millions of tons of coal before economies switch to renewable or nuclear power.

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Innovative Stena Line ferries on the Port Gdynia – Port Karlskrona sea highway

 

By Marek Grzybowski,

Stena Line launched the second innovative Ro-Pax for the Gdynia – Kalrlskrona sea highway in January 2023. It is an extension of the European land transport corridor Baltic – Adriatic, one of the most important European transport corridors of the TENT network.

  The new ferry was named STENA EBBA

 

 The naming ceremony for the Stena Ebba ferry in Karlskrona, Sweden, took place on January 11 this year.

– I give you the name Stena Ebba –  said Ulrica Messing, Blekinge Voivode Governor, at the ship’s christening, which took place at the Ferry Terminal in Karlskrona, Sweden. A bottle of champagne was smashed against the side by the ship’s godmother.

Ulrica Messing, the godmother of the Stena Ebba ferry, is a well-known Swedish politician. She was a member of the Swedish government from 1996 to 2006. She was the Minister of Infrastructure in 2002-2006. She is currently the provincial governor of the Blekinge region. The city of Karlskrona is the capital of the Blekinge region.

Ulrica Messing, voivode of the Blekinge region, Joanna Hofman, Polish ambassador in Stockholm, Emma Swahn Nilsson, president of the Karlskrona city council, Jacek Sadaj, president of the Port of Gdynia Authority, managing director of Stena Line Niclas Mårtensson and Anders Hermansson, director of the Swedish shipowners organization Svensk Sjöfart . Marek Kiersnowski, managing director of Stena Line Polska, hosted the ceremony.

Polish and Swedish Sea Motorway

The ceremony was attended by representatives of many Polish and Swedish companies from the maritime business, as well as local government and state institutions from Poland and Sweden, as well as members of the Baltic Sea and Space Cluster.

– Our new modern ferry Stena Ebba in the southern Baltic Sea is Stena Line’s response to the dynamically growing customer demand in an economic area that is still developing – said Niclas Mårtensson, Managing Director of Stena Line

Stena Ebba is one of the largest Ro-Pax ferries in service on the Baltic Sea. The ferry is 240 meters long. The ship has 3,600 m of load line and can accommodate 200 cargo units. The ship has room for 1,200 in 263 cabins. The interior of the ship was designed in the Scandinavian style. Panoramic windows allow you to observe the sea to the horizon.

Stena Ebba ferry – energy efficient ship

The Stena Ebba ferry is energy efficient ship thanks to its optimal hull design. MAK engines can be powered by 3 types of fuel. Marine low sulfur fuel, methanol and gas.

Wärtsilä aggregates with generators can also be used to propel the ship. Then the ferry sails like an electric ship. The ferry can be powered by electricity from the quay while in port. All these solutions reduce the emission of pollutants, CO2 and heat into the atmosphere.

– Today, with the inauguration of Stena Ebba on the Gdynia-Karlskrona service, as well as the earlier introduction of the sister ship Stena Estelle, we are starting a new stage in the development of our connection – said Marek Kiersnowski, Managing Director of Stena Line Polska.

Incorporating two innovative ferries into the Gdynia – Karlskrona service, Stena line offers carriers 7,200 m freight capacity to transport companies operating on the Baltic – Adriatic trans-European transport network and the TENT network.

– We offer our customers the most modern ferries of this type on the market. This will greatly improve the comfort of sea travel for our passengers and will enable a further increase in transport traffic. This is very important for our clients and regions in Poland and Sweden that we connect – emphasized Pedro Canchaya, Regional Travel Manager, Baltic Sea South and Baltic Sea North, Stena Line.

Port of Gdynia – a modern  public ferry terminal

– The Port of Gdynia has built a new public ferry terminal to increase the comfort of service for passengers and transport companies – emphasized Jacek Sadaj, President of the Management Board of the Port of Gdynia Authority.

The new ferry terminal in Gdynia provides comfortable conditions for servicing passengers, trucks and ships. Passengers board the ferry through a fully sheltered passage. Trucks, buses and passenger cars enter the ferry via convenient entrances. Ships can be supplied with electricity from a special charging station. The 240 m long ship conveniently docks at the quay.

– The construction of the Public Ferry Terminal is the largest investment implemented in the Port of Gdynia for almost 50 years. The new Public Ferry Terminal makes it possible to handle much larger passenger ferries. The terminal increases the port’s handling capacity in terms of ro-ro and ferry services, says Kazimierz Koralewski, vice-president of the Port of Gdynia Authority S.A.

The transfer of Stena Line’s operations to the Public Ferry Terminal in Gdynia enables us to introduce much larger ships. The new terminal allows vessels up to 240 m long, such as E-Flexer class ships, to be moored there. The first of them, Stena Estelle was start the service from Gdynia this summer – says Marek Kiersnowski,  Managing Director of Stena Line Polska.

Stena Line  – 25,000 sailings a year

Stena Line is a Swedish ferry company established in 1962, headquartered in Gothenburg. It operates on 18 routes connecting 10 countries, operates 39 ferries making nearly 25,000 sailings a year. It employs over 5,000 employees. On average, annual transport amounts to: 7.6 million passengers, 1.7 million passenger cars and 2.2 million freight units (trucks, semi-trailers, etc.). Stena Line is an important part of the European logistics network and is constantly developing new intermodal solutions, combining rail, road and sea transport. Stena Line also plays an important role in tourism in Europe thanks to its extensive passenger operations.

Stena Line has been present in Poland for over a quarter of a century. Ferries with a characteristic red chimney connect Gdynia with Karlskrona in southern Sweden. Every year, several hundred thousand passengers travel this route using one of three ferries: a ship with a wide range of attractions for passengers, Stena Spirit, and two new E-Flexer class ferries, 240 m long, taking both passengers and freight. These are twin units named Stena Estelle, which started operating in September 2022, and Stena Ebba, which joined the fleet in January 2023.

Stena Line is part of the Stena AB Group, owned by the Olsson family. In addition to ferry transport, the group deals with i.a. shipping, oil extraction, recycling, real estate. The turnover of the entire group reaches 37 billion Swedish crowns per year. Stena AB employs approximately 16,000 people worldwide.

 Stena E-Flexer Ro-Pax:

  • Built in: 2022
  • Operation start: 02/01/2023
  • Length: 240 m
  • Draft: 6.4 m
  • Width: 28m
  • Freight capacity: 3600 m
  • Number of passengers: 1200
  • Number of cabins: 263

 

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The quantum revolution in the maritime logistics

By Marek Grzybowski

Maritime transport has recently experienced great turmoil. The new mutations of the coronavirus pandemic and the sanctions imposed on Russia after that country invaded Ukraine have caused disruptions in global logistics. Congestion at the last mile in a port, logistics center or container terminal causes global turmoil in leading industrial markets, both on the supply and demand side.

The world’s merchant ship fleet reached a capacity of around 2.3 billion dwt in January 2023. This is about 60 million dwt more than a year earlier and over 120 million dwt than in January 2021. Tonnage has increased significantly in all segments except general cargo operators in the last two years.

Bulk carriers recorded a particularly rapid increase in overall carrying capacity. The share of bulk carriers in the total capacity increased from 41 to 43 percent, the share of tankers decreased from 30 to 29 percent, and the share of general cargo ships from 5 to 4 percent. in the years 2012-2022.

Over 500 LNG tankers transported liquefied gas across the oceans in 2021. About 650 LNG tankers transported LNG on sea routes in 2022. By the end of 2023, their number will increase to about 690 LNG tankers.

Quantum technology for the logistics industry

What can a forward-thinking organization do with the current state of technology? – asks Dr. Christopher Savoie, CEO of Zapata Computing in Forbs and answers: “It’s best to start with making the most of this technology.”

“We’re seeing a steady evolution of quantum hardware, which is becoming increasingly fault-tolerant, and existing technology is slowly becoming more widely available,” said CEO Zapata Computing.

“Quantum technology is an exciting development for the logistics industry as it allows us to solve the recurring problem of finding the most efficient route between multiple hubs, which is becoming increasingly difficult in a complex environment,” said Justin Baird, Head of Innovation, DHL, Asia-Pacific Center. DHL portal.

Logistics in storms need support

Turmoil in sea and land logistics networks will require the support of efficient tools. These include the already widespread use of IoT and the management of ship and car fleets, traffic control in ports, on railroads and on rivers.
The smallest yacht or even a boat moving on inland waterways is supported by satellite technologies.

No one can imagine the movement of ships, cars and even couriers without the support of satellite technologies. Tracking a package purchased in a store by an individual customer is already a standard. It can therefore be expected that according to the predictions of IBM and DHL and the services introduced by UPS, quantum algorithms will enter global and local logistics at a rapid pace.

If large and small ports, terminals and logistics centers, sea and land connections are to participate in the logistics networks of the global economy, then we must be prepared to introduce innovative solutions based on quantum, information and space technologies today. Otherwise, we risk marginalization or even falling out of the market.

Sources: Forbs, Zapata Computing, IBM, DHL, UPS

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Sea transport in economic storms. UNCTAD 2022 Report

 

Higher grain prices and dry bulk freight rates in early 2022 will contribute to a 1.2 percent increase in consumer food prices. Container ships berthed 13.7% longer in 2021 compared to 2020, exacerbating delays and shortages of goods. Over the past year, the total greenhouse gas emissions from the global fleet have increased by 4.7% – these are the findings of UNCTAD exports included in the latest report “Maritime Transport Review 2022”.

“In short, we need to tackle the many sources of inefficiencies at ports and in land transport networks. This review also calls for better implementation of transport and trade facilitation solutions at ports and borders. At UNCTAD, we work very closely on facilitation through different programs on ports and customs like ASYCUDA and the ports management program. These are our largest technical assistance projects going to really dozens of countries around the world. This report also calls for a faster transition to smart and green logistics systems and to the widespread use of electronic documents in international trade. All of these are solutions to reduce logistic costs, which in turn translate into lower prices for the world” – said Rebeca Grynspan, Secretary-General of UNCTAD in the Statement during the Presentation of the “Review of Maritime Transport 2022” in Geneva.

More: Grzybowski: Transport morski. Raport UCTAD 2022

Presentation of the Review of Maritime Transport 2022